24.6 C
Byron Shire
March 7, 2021

Herbicide runoff to reef cut by 90 per cent in new experiment

Latest News

Police exchange gun fire at Dunoon – man arrested

At a media conference outside the Lismore police station this morning, Acting Superintendent Susan Johnston, Commander, Richmond Police Area Command, said that a man has been charged over an incident at Dunoon last night.

Other News

Byron Wildlife Hospital’s DA up for public comment

A development application for the mobile Byron Bay Wildlife Hospital is now before the public.

Man arrested after shots fired in Dunoon

A police report says a 63-year-old man man has been arrested following multiple public place shots fired overnight.

Lennox Rise development clears another hurdle

The massive new residential development planned west of Epiq in Lennox Head continued its progress towards becoming reality at the last Ballina Shire Council meeting.

The amazing world of seeds

Hilary Bain If it wasn’t for seeds and plants, we humans, along with all the animals, birds and insects would...

Ahoy m’hearties young and old in Bangalow

‘Ahoy m’hearties’ was the catchcry at Bangalow Parklands on Saturday afternoon during the Connecting Generations Pirate Party.

Lifting the lid on plans to build a retirement village in Ewingsdale

The letter sent to the residents of Ewingsdale last year by holiday park owner Ingenia seemed fairly innocuous at first glance...

Spraying raised beds only – shielded sprayer is covering the furrows. Photo CSIRO
Spraying raised beds only – shielded sprayer is covering the furrows. Photo CSIRO

An innovative new approach to sugarcane plantation weed management trialled in select Great Barrier Reef catchments has shown a 90 per cent reduction in runoff of highly soluble herbicides into waterways.

In the lower Burdekin region of northern Australia, scientists from CSIRO’s Water for a Healthy Country Flagship trialled a new technique for applying herbicides to raised beds of furrow-irrigated sugarcane by using a specially adapted shielded sprayer. The technique minimises the likelihood of herbicides such as diuron, atrazine, ametryn and hexazinone coming into contact with irrigation water.

Many of the herbicides used in the region are PSII herbicides that are known to negatively impact on reef ecosystems. These waters discharge into the internationally recognised Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area and subsequently into the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park. Improved farming techniques such as the shielded sprayer help keep herbicides on-farm and have potential to have a significant and positive impact on water quality in the GBR.

Close-up view of shielded sprayer. Photo CSIRO
Close-up view of shielded sprayer. Photo CSIRO

‘The conventional application of herbicides in furrow-irrigated sugarcane production is to broadcast spray across the whole field using boom sprayers, which applies herbicides to both beds and furrows. Irrigation water then carries the herbicides with the tail water into the drainage channels, into nearby creeks and rivers and potentially into the GBR lagoon,’ CSIRO research leader, Dr Rai Kookana said.

‘Given the importance of improving GBR water quality additional testing and demonstration of these technologies across different soil types, farming systems – and possibly with different combinations of chemicals – would provide valuable additional testing of the approach from an industry perspective.

‘These trial results are extremely encouraging, and clearly demonstrate that the use of precision herbicide application technologies by the industry, including using shielded sprayers for furrow-irrigated sugarcane cultivation, can be highly effective in reducing herbicide runoff.’

CSIRO scientist Danni Oliver said the geography of the region meant that almost the entire flow from the Burdekin River Irrigation Area in the dry season (from July to January) was made up exclusively of irrigation water from sugarcane and other cropping.

‘The trials show that while there will certainly be some herbicide loss following the first irrigation or rainfall event, the marked decreases in losses documented in this study – a reduction of up to 90 per cent – could lead to significant improvements in off-site water quality, particularly during the dry season,’ Ms Oliver said.

According to Jon Brodie of James Cook University the amount of some herbicides in creek and estuarine waters during this period regularly exceeds Australian water quality guidelines and could potentially affect, for example, coastal seagrass.

The results of the study have been published in the international journal Science of the Total Environment.

Project partners

This work is supported by the Australian federal government through Reef Rescue Research and Development funding from Caring for Our Country Initiative. The Reef Rescue program is a five-year, $200 million investment by the Australian government. This initiative takes a coordinated approach to restoring the health of Australia’s environment and building on improved land management practices.

This research was led by CSIRO’s Dr Rai Kookana and is one of four tasks within a larger project led by Mr Jon Brodie, principal research scientist from the Centre for Tropical Water & Aquatic Ecosystem Research at James Cook University. The project is ‘Herbicide dynamics in the Great Barrier Reef catchment and lagoon: management practices and model validation in the sugarcane industry’.

CSIRO is grateful for the cooperation and onsite assistance of staff from the James Cook University and the growers who provided access to their land.

Support The Echo

Keeping the community together and the community voice loud and clear is what The Echo is about. More than ever we need your help to keep this voice alive and thriving in the community.

Like all businesses we are struggling to keep food on the table of all our local and hard working journalists, artists, sales, delivery and drudges who keep the news coming out to you both in the newspaper and online. If you can spare a few dollars a week – or maybe more – we would appreciate all the support you are able to give to keep the voice of independent, local journalism alive.


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here

Byron carjacker and stolen vehicle still not found

Police say that a man carjacked a 17-year-old in Byron Bay just before midnight on Friday.

Man arrested after shots fired in Dunoon

A police report says a 63-year-old man man has been arrested following multiple public place shots fired overnight.

Police operation Billinudgel Nature Reserve

Gary Opit, Brunswick Heads On 22 February residents on Jones Road noticed a major police operation with officers from eight police cars and associated dogs entering...

Thanks David Gile – but on Musk

Robin Harrison, Binna Burra I want to thank David Gilet for his appreciation of the thoughts I’ve shared here. It’s very welcome as I’ve been equally...