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Byron Shire
May 19, 2024

CSIRO tracking NASA’s asteroid collision test today

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Illustration depicting NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) spacecraft prior to impact at the Didymos binary asteroid system. Image NASA/Johns Hopkins APL/Steve Gribben.

The world’s first full-scale planetary defence test is happening today. NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) mission is designed to strike an asteroid and adjust its course.

At approximately 9:15am (AEST) this morning, the 570-kilogram DART spacecraft is expected to collide with a small asteroid, Dimorphos, at a speed of approximately 6.44 km per second.

Dimorphos is 160 metres in diameter, roughly the size of the Great Pyramid of Giza, and orbits a larger companion asteroid, Didymos. DART’s collision with Dimorphos should reduce the time it takes to orbit Didymos by just a few minutes.

The DART spacecraft will transmit images back to Earth as it approaches the asteroid, and the impact will be monitored by a cubesat, LICIACube, which separated from DART. From a safe distance, LICIACube’s cameras will record the impact, transmitting its pictures and other data back to Earth.

If successful, the DART mission will show that intentionally crashing a spacecraft into an asteroid is an effective way to change its speed and trajectory. NASA says what we learn could be applied in future to protect Earth from potentially hazardous asteroids.

CSIRO’s role

Australia’s national science agency, CSIRO, manages the Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex (CDSCC), one of three stations around the world that make up NASA’s Deep Space Network.

CDSCC has supported the DART mission since its launch in November 2021 and will receive the final signals from the spacecraft as it approaches and impacts asteroid Dimorphos. CDSCC will also receive images and data from the LICIA cubesat as it follows DART’s impact with the asteroid.

The ESA tracking station at New Norcia, Western Australia. Photo ESA/S.

The European Space Agency’s New Norcia deep space tracking station in Western Australia, also managed by CSIRO, has been providing support to NASA’s Deep Space Network for the DART mission since May 2022.

During the final stages of the mission, the 35-metre antenna at New Norcia will receive data from the spacecraft that will be used by scientists to estimate the mass of the asteroid, surface type and impact site.

Why now?

While no known asteroid larger than 140 metres in size has a significant chance to hit Earth for the next hundred years, it is estimated that only about 40 per cent of those asteroids have been identified to date.

NASA says the DART demonstration has been carefully designed to pose no threat to Earth. At the time of impact, the two asteroids will be 11 million kilometres from Earth. The orbit of Didymos and Dimorphos never crosses the Earth’s orbit.

DART is a key test in a range of planetary protection missions that NASA and other space agencies want to perform to better understand any potential threats and how to deal with them. For example, ESA’s Hera mission will launch in 2024 and arrive at the Didymos asteroid system two years later to perform high-resolution visual, laser and radio science mapping of the asteroid moon and assess the consequences of the impact.

Live coverage

NASA will provide a live broadcast of the final approach and impact via their TV channel (NASA TV) and on their YouTube channel. The online broadcast starts at 8am AEST on Tuesday 27 September 2022.

NASA’s media channel will be showing the live camera feed from the spacecraft from 7:30am AEST.


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3 COMMENTS

  1. Very important mission, but my two year old wants to see the ‘space shuttle’ moon rocket launch. She has been making me bring up the live feed every morning to check it didn’t fly off while she was asleep. Hurry up with Artemis!

    • [Word deleted by comments editor] Steinberg, if you were really up to speed on Artemis 1, then you wouldn’t be getting up each morning , “to check it didn’t fly off…”.

      • Yes I would. Read my post again. My Uberkin can recite the Alphabet, count to twenty, count backwards from ten, name all the colours, and pirouette on her tippy toes, but calendars are a little bit beyond her yet. Although we are having success with time using analogue clocks.

        She did enjoy the spaceship whacking a rock. She does understand that.

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