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Byron Shire
September 27, 2021

What’s happening with South Ballina Beach?

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4WD track to South Ballina Beach. Photo David Lowe

The debate about the future of the beaches south of Ballina is heating up again as councils and concerned citizens grapple with the ongoing issue of 4WD-related damage.

The organisation with ultimate responsibility, NSW Crown Lands, has missed its March 1 target to formally arrange consultation with the three groups who would have motorised access to the beach after closure to public 4WDs (indigenous, emergency and commercial fishers).

Meanwhile an anti-closure petition has also been circulating online with over 3,000 signatures since Richmond Valley Council prematurely stated that Ballina Shire Council had decided to close all 4WD access to the beach.

Slothful approach?

Megan Ward on South Ballina beach. Photo David Lowe.

Local resident Megan Ward told Echonetdaily, ‘Frustration is growing in the community about the slothful approach Crown Lands seems to be adopting.

‘Despite their lip service, they seem unmotivated, and ready to fold at the slightest resistance rather than following through with integrity.

‘Now the target is before Easter but I have no confidence this will happen… The science must be listened to and acted upon,’ said Ms Ward.

Late in February, Stephen Totterman of Coastal Defenders Network wrote a submission to all decision-makers in response to lobbying from 4WD enthusiasts and recreational fishers to keep the beach open, despite mounting evidence of hooning behaviour.

He said there had been discussion for twenty years about closing South Ballina Beach to 4WDs, to protect endangered beach-nesting birds, including the Australian Pied Oystercatcher, but ‘a loud mob of recreational fishers and others’ had stymied progress, with the problem getting steadily worse until the temporary respite of COVID-19.

After people saw what it was like to have the beach not covered with speeding 4WDs, the public mood on the issue shifted, in favour of closure. Since then, pro-4WD groups have  become more vocal in response.

Movement from councils

While Ballina Shire Council has made clear that its power to act on the issue is limited, they did close the 4WD access track at Patchs Beach in June 2020, as well as writing to the state government to request that South Ballina Beach be closed to the general public driving 4WD vehicles.

Frame from video uploaded 6/10/20 showing driver knowingly damaging Coffee Rocks in Broadwater NP.

Last month Richmond Valley Council resolved to close Broadwater Beach from Boundary Creek through to the Coffee Rocks (the southern 6km of South Ballina Beach).

More closures seem likely to follow, but recreational fishers have said they would like to continue to have 4WD access to South Ballina Beach either by annual permits or a key system operated by clubs.

Ballina’s Councillor Keith Williams has publicly supported the recreational fishers, but Stephen Totterman said, ‘Recreational fishers are a minority group and do not represent the broader public interest.’ He says a survey of 4WDs on South Ballina Beach on weekends in Oct–Dec 2020 found that only 14% of were recreational fishers.

Mr Totterman has also pointed out there’s nothing to stop anyone from joining a recreational fishing club to gain 4WD access to South Ballina Beach.

Keith Williams responds

Cr Keith Williams has responded by saying he has a long history of trying to get positive outcomes for endangered seabirds and other wildlife on South Ballina Beach via his hands-on involvement with Australian Seabird Rescue in the past.

He said recreational fishers were important environmental allies at that time and could continue to play that role going forward.

Ballina Cr Keith Williams. Photo David Lowe.

‘They are the people most likely to see injured marine wildlife,’ said Cr Williams. ‘They are also the least likely to report it, if their experience is that they are given a hard time for doing so.

‘I know many good hearted recreational fishers,’ he continued. ‘People that help look after the place. People that have pitched in for more volunteer riparian re-vegetation projects in Ballina Shire than any other group.

‘A permit or a key system operated by fishing clubs promotes stewardship and community responsibility. It puts local people (not police) on the beach with a vested interest in ensuring good behaviour.

Dead pied oystercatcher, South Ballina Beach. Photo Coastal Defenders Network.

‘I would rather have 100 or even 200 locals keeping an eye on the place, reporting camps in the dunes, speeding and erratic driving, and reporting injured wildlife.’

Cr Wiliams acknowledged that ‘we do need to stop thousands of vehicles treating the beach like a race track and a free camp’ but ‘we don’t need to alienate a large section of the community who feel they are being punished for the actions of others.’

He said that while he believed it was important to stop the ‘environmental carnage on South Ballina Beach’ it was important to bring the community along too; ‘Not winners. Not losers. But as a community that cares about this wonderful place where we are so lucky to live.’

View from Coastal Defenders Network

In response, Stephen Totterman said he agreed that recreational fishers (as well as many other beach drivers) were generally good citizens, but Cr Williams had not addressed his concern that anyone could join a fishing club to gain 4WD beach access.

He also said Australian Seabird Rescue’s project to improve beach user behaviour and protect wildlife on South Ballina Beach was a failure, with the pied oystercatcher breeding population in steep decline since that time, and dogs, dune driving and camping all increasing.

‘What good do recreational fishers do for Australian Pied Oystercatchers?’ he asked Cr Williams. ‘Have you not noticed oystercatchers with fishing line entangled around their legs? Some of them end up losing limbs. Surely, you are aware that discarded fishing line is a huge problem everywhere.’

Police speed test 4WDs on beaches south of Ballina in 2020. Supplied.

Mr Totterman said that police were unwilling or unable to do anything about most illegal activites in the dunes and in National Park areas, and that recreational fishers would be wasting their time in reporting non-compliance.

He said that there was no intention to ban recreational fishing on the beaches, and that people could access the beaches on foot.

‘Fishing is more enjoyable without the nuisance of passing vehicles,’ he said.

Both sides now?

Frame from video uploaded 27 March 2019 showing some of 70 4WDs on the beach on a tag-a-long tour.

Mr Totterman said that the idea that there were two sides to the beach driving ban, with winners and losers, is too simplistic.

‘Recreational fishers and other beach drivers are not losers if they understand that they are giving up the privilege for the greater public good.’

He said the cumulative effect of large numbers of 4WDs on the beach continues to be misunderstood by pro-4WD interest groups, who are largely serving the interests of those driving in from outside the area to use the beach as a ‘playground’.

According to Mr Totterman, continuing the process of closing the beach is an evidence-based decision with broad support.

‘The authorities and politicians should beware that to allow public beach driving to continue would show that they prioritise 4WDs over people and threatened species.

‘That kids can’t run free on the beach because it’s a 4WD highway and drivers rule. It’s a bad look,’ he said.

More stories about 4WDs on South Ballina Beach

Ballina council debates South Ballina Beach 4WD access, again

An attempt to enlarge the list of approved 4WD beach users allowed to access South Ballina Beach failed to get the numbers to progress at the last Ballina Shire Council meeting.


Cr Keith Williams calls for consultation on South Ballina Beach access

At today's Ballina Council meeting, Cr Keith Williams is going to urge council to write to the NSW Minister for Crown Lands about South Ballina beach, which has recently been closed to public 4WD access.


South Ballina and Evans Head Beaches closed to 4WDs

The closure of South Ballina Beach and Evans Head to 4WDs and other vehicles has been met with a mixed response.


What’s happening with South Ballina Beach?

The debate about the future of the beaches south of Ballina is heating up again as councils and concerned citizens grapple with the ongoing issue of 4WD-related damage.

Pied Oystercatcher

Coastal Defenders respond to NPWS

Stephen Totterman from Coastal Defenders Network said the National Parks and Wildlife Service's response to his concerns about 4WD impacts on the pied oystercatcher population on the beaches south of Ballina is 'unsatisfactory'.


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  1. It seems it is far too late for the beach. 3000 signatures means there are 3000 four-wheel drive vehicles on the beach.
    Would anyone sign a petition if they were not part of the problem?

    • What a load of codswallop!. You are making wild assumptions solely for the benefit of trying to garner support to close the beach.
      The reason why people sign a petition is because they disagree with whatever action it is citing. The country is full of examples of of public spaces being closed off to the public simply because of unsavoury actions of the minority. There are tens of thousands of responsible four wheel drivers out there, many of whom are members of clubs and associations which have codes of practice. Many of these contribute to the community by volunteering their time to assist organisations like National Parks, Aboriginal Communities, State Forests, Councils etc with regular clean-ups, track monitoring and clearance, National Parks asset maintenance and many more activities.
      You are sensationalising the issue with tarring ALL four wheel drivers as being responsible and apparently do not know how wrong you are

    • The reason for discussion is because we all agree there is an issue that needs to be addressed.
      The no-brainer, kneejerker illinformed reaction as is perpetuted by the likes of yourself and this obviously biased media outlet is to throw your hands up in the air and say close the beach.
      The more rational and sensible person would look at ways in which this can be addressed to appease all beach users
      This is why discussion is necessary. There are many ways in which this irresponsible behaviour can be curbed and the beach remain open. There just doesn’t appear to be the willingness from the interested parties to firstly research options and secondly to implement any of them

  2. I have been accessing the beach from south Ballina to Broadwater since the 1950s in either a 4WD or tractor and my father and grandfather before that. In my experience the dunes are now in better condition than those times. I would dispute the assertion that the vast majority of vehicles are just joyriding in my experience the majority are either fishermen or simply looking for a more private spot to enjoy the beach. I note in the accompanying article a photo of a deceased Pied Oyster Catcher which we are to assume was killed by a vehicle, however, while regrettable, I also note much wildlife is killed on bitumen roads without knee jerk reaction requiring their closure.

  3. There are ‘hoons and morons’ everywhere. the bulk of them on our major highways through to our suburban roads. Authorities have obviously recognised this and for public safety reasons have implemented a vast number of controls designed to eliminate this type of behaviour. This is in the form of speeding cameras, heavy fines special Hoon laws, licence suspension, vehicle confiscation, crushing repeat offenders vehicle. They don’t throw their hands in the air and take the knee-jerk path of least resistance and close our roads off to the overwhelming majority of responsible drivers. NSW road rules apply to South Ballina beach as well as any other posted regulations that may be applied by Council, Crown Lands or NPWS. Rather than taking unwavering sides, shouldn’t we all be pulling together to come up with a plan on how this can be managed. What is NOT happening in this instance is that these activities are not being monitored well enough by the authorities and offenders not being taken to book at the maximum penalties available. What is needed is firstly, controlled access so that all vehicles entering the beach are registered in some way or another …. a permit system, rugged barriers, cameras etc ….. there are many instances in Australia where this is working successfully (eg Bribie Island.. Secondly there needs to be regular policing and finally the application of the full force of the law including the Hooning rules. If offenders have their vehicles suspended for 3 months and fines the maximum of $3300, I think they would change their attitude if they were to come again. 4WD social media runs wild when there are police blitzes on modification compliances etc. It will similarly get round if people are having their ‘pride and joys’ impounded or even crushed and are $3300 worse off for it. It is just not Australian to deprive the majority of law abiding user groups access to our public lands solely because of the actions of a few.

  4. As I get older I cant help noticing all the recreational and adventurous activities I used to enjoy not so long ago are one by one being taken away !
    My Two Sons quiet often complain about how little they can do compared to what I was able to do not many years ago !
    There are plenty of beaches set aside for people only ! You would think they would let us 4WD ers have just one place to enjoy !
    Does anyone else notice that adventurous people have to abide by rules made by over paid people sitting in there little air-condition offices with no clue how enjoy camping or adventure ? If you want to sit in your little office , that’s fine but DONT prevent other people enjoying the outdoors !
    There has to be a balance !


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